Harvard citation format is another popular style of the author-data system for in-text citations. This style uses references in two major places in a piece of writing. That’s in the text and the reference list. Each author’s name in the text must also appear in the reference list at the end.
Every detail of the reference is important, including commas and full stops. In the in-text citation, the author’s family name and year of the publication are given. If you must quote some words, you should also provide the page number.
Print and e-journals
The required layout and information about referencing journal articles is the author’s family name and the year of the publication. There should also be a title in single quotes or italics, volume number, or the page numbers the article covers. For instance, (ABC 2022) where “ABC” represents the author’s family name and “2009” is the year.
You should include the URL and the data that you viewed in the article for journals on the web or those that are freely available from an e-journal website. In case the page numbers are missing, you can omit them or substitute them with relevant information like the month of publication or the article number.
Harvard style citation is one of the most commonly used referencing styles by colleges across the United States. In Harvard citation, you should ensure that in-text citation matches the references at your work’s end. You can download a guide from the internet to follow when writing your paper. It’s even better to use the EduBirdie Harvard citation generator for the Harvard in-text citation. This will increase your speed and ensure your article is properly edited in Harvard-style citation.
DOI and press journals
DOI is the acronym for the Digital Object Identifier. DOIs are generally not required for most of the Harvard-style formats. But if the instructor requires them, they should be added at the of the reference. Whenever the Digital Object Identifier is given, there is no need to include the date viewed or the URL of the site.
The term press may have different definitions for disparate publishers. In general, press journals refer to articles that have been accepted for publication but not “yet” officially published. Then, how do you cite these sources? Cite them just the same way as the print journal articles. That’s the author’s family name and year of publication. In case the article has two writers, add the family names of the two authors respectively and the year of publication.
Books, E-books, or book chapters
The format that’s required here is quite simple. That’s the author’s family name, year of publication, the title in italics, the publisher, and the place of publication. For instance, if you are dealing with book print QWR 2022, you can add your citation as follows, QWR, R 2022, Xcv, RTY Press, Cambridge. This means that the author’s family name is QWR. The book was published in 2022 with the title Xcv by publisher RTY in Cambridge.
Whenever you access an e-book from the web, the citation format is just the same as that for the print book, but you should ensure that you include the date viewed and URL. Sometimes the book may be “born digital,” and no place of publication can be located. Here, list the publisher. Suppose the book has four or more authors. In this case, list only the first author, then et al., followed by the publication date. List the authors if different authors write the book’s chapters.
Newspaper or magazine and data set
For the case of a newspaper or magazine, the required information and layout are as follows. The author’s family name, year of publication, the article’s title, volume and issue, page number, viewed data, and URL, if possible. If the magazine article has the author and the publication date, then the citation style is just straightforward.
The data set can either be with DOI or no DOI. If the Digital Object Identifier is given, then there is no need to add a URL to your paper. Ensure that you add the author’s family name, authoring body year, the title of the data set, location, viewed date, and the URL if possible.
Whenever you use the Harvard citation style, you should ensure that the author’s family name comes first, followed by the publication date. Further details depend on the instructor’s guidelines and the information given. Sometimes, you will have to add a URL or leave it when given a Digital Object Identifier.
Sven Eggers has been writing academic papers since his college days and has achieved new heights in his career, backed by his hard work and the ability to deliver work on time. Besides doing essays for students and finding his happiness in it, he loves swimming in the ocean and catching up with old friends for chit-chats.